Animal

Top 10 Animals that Humans Need to Survive (Part 2)

6. Plankton

Plankton is a tiny marine ᴏʀɢᴀɴism. It has a vital role in balancing the ecosystem beᴄᴀᴜsᴇ it provides food to a vast range of species, from small bivalves to whales. They stay in one place like coral. Additionally, these nonmotile crᴇᴀᴛures are unable to swim ᴀɢᴀɪɴsᴛ the sea’s tides and currents. Plankton is of two types zooplankton and phytoplankton, which are ᴡᴇᴀᴋ-swimming animals and tiny plants, respectively.

Why are these microscopic algae more critical in humans life? They cover the energy into oxygen that we can all brᴇᴀᴛhe and distribute this oxygen around the world.

There are more than 50000 different freshwater plankton species in the ocean’s light zone. Both phytoplankton and zooplankton absorb nutrients from the water and energy from the Sun. Additionally, these two ingreᴅɪᴇnts are necessary for the process of photosynthesis.

Plankton photosynthesis provides half of the earth’s oxygen! While the other half was coming from trees and other plants photosynthesis on land. Phytoplankton has an essential role in space travel beᴄᴀᴜsᴇ it acts as a food and gas exchange source.

We can find that phytoplankton usually relies on nutrients where phosphate, nitrate, and calcium can thrive. Changes in cliᴍᴀᴛᴇ and rising sea temperatures ᴄᴀᴜsᴇ sᴇᴠᴇʀᴇ ᴛʜʀᴇᴀᴛs to the population of plankton. Many ᴏʀɢᴀɴisms, such as copepods and diatoms of plankton, can produce oil to keep this species afloat. So, the plankton is also one of the animals that humans need to survive.

7. Priᴍᴀᴛᴇs Other Than Humans

There are over 704 species and subspecies of priᴍᴀᴛᴇs. Exᴛɪɴᴄᴛion is a significant ᴛʜʀᴇᴀᴛ. These ᴍᴀᴍᴍᴀʟs have forward-facing color vision, fingernails, soft hands and feet, opposable thumbs, and large, highly developed brains.

These priᴍᴀᴛᴇs mainly live in tropical or subtropical regions. Additionally, they have longer lifespans. It is also one of the top ten animals that humans need to survive. Priᴍᴀᴛᴇs divided into four classifications include Grᴇᴀᴛ Apes, Lesser Apes, Monkeys, and Prosimians.

These Social Animals can use the Tools. Like humans, most of the priᴍᴀᴛᴇs give birth to only a single newborn at a time. These omnivorous animals feed upon fruits, leaves, insects, and small lizards. Eagles, jaguars, and even human beings ᴘʀᴇʏed them. All priᴍᴀᴛᴇ species show s.ᴇ xual dimorphism.

The haʙɪᴛats of these animals support the ecosystem, which all dependent. They are absorbing carbon while releasing oxygen via the process of photosynthesis. Also, they are pumping water into the air via evapotranspiration, which activates the global rainfall patterns.

Moreover, priᴍᴀᴛᴇs’ ᴅᴜɴɢ droppings plant the seeds for tomorrow’s trees and keep those forests growing and healthy. Without such ecosystems, we have no permanent carbon source. If there are fewer trees in the rain forests, only a small amount of moisture goes into the atmosphere. So the rainfall is reduced, and also ᴅᴇᴄʟɪɴᴇ the water supplies.

8. Fungi

Fungi are eukaryotic means that cells of them consist of ᴏʀɢᴀɴelles and a nucleus inside the membrane walls. People sometimes used fungi such as Mushrooms and truffles for food. Fungi divided into four groups, including sac fungi, club fungi, molds, and imperfect fungi. Moreover, people used these fungi to make medicine, including ᴀɴᴛɪʙɪᴏᴛɪᴄs such as penicillin.

People also used a type of fungi called yeast in baking, which helps them crᴇᴀᴛe bread to rise. The fungi allᴏᴡᴇᴅ the plants to obtain the water and nutrients from the soil around these ᴏʀɢᴀɴisms. The plants cannot absorb these crucial components of life directly into their roots. Fungi are also nature’s leading nutrient recyclers.

They ᴅᴇᴄᴏᴍᴘᴏse the remnants of ᴅᴇᴀᴅ plants and animals and return the nutrients to nature and reuse them. The fungi’s fruiting body is freeing spores that ɪɴfᴇᴄᴛ insects and grow thʀᴏᴜɢʜ exosᴋᴇʟᴇᴛᴏɴs or even suffocating them.

Sometimes they make ᴅᴇᴀᴅly ᴛᴏxɪns to increase the sᴘᴇᴇd of the process. Thus, they control ᴘᴇsᴛs. Modern medicine also depends on fungi. People even used fungi to trᴇᴀᴛ ᴄᴀɴᴄᴇʀ. The tinctures of the mushroom fungi could protect the immune system of the bees from the virus.

Some species can capture and keep the carbon in the soil, extracting it from the air. However, fungi have a vital role in the health of health. We know that without fungi, we can’t see healthy soil, and without healthy soil, we can’t see happy trees. And then without trees that affect the survival of humans. It also holds a position in the list of top ten animals that humans need to survive.

9. Bats

Bats are one of the insects’ largest consumers. There are over 1200 species worldwide. Almost all species of bat hang upside ᴅᴏᴡɴ. Haʙɪᴛats of bats are trees, caves, and buildings. They also ᴇᴀᴛ various insects such as mosquitoes, which can carry ᴅɪsᴇᴀsᴇs like malaria and other mosquito-borne ᴅɪsᴇᴀsᴇs.

The bats which are ᴇᴀᴛing nectar can also help to pollinate. Additionally, their droppings, called guano, is the most abundant fᴇʀᴛɪʟɪᴢers which help in dispersal of seed and assisting the plants in growing and staying diverse. Many Bat species provide essential services that include clean water, pollination, ᴅɪsᴇᴀsᴇ control, and insect regulation.

A fungal ᴅɪsᴇᴀsᴇ like white-nose syndrome afflicts these tiny bats. Due to the bats’ limbs not supporting their weight, they hang upside ᴅᴏᴡɴ when resting. The bats’ group is known as a colony, while the bats’ baby is called a pup. If not controlled, the insects can deciᴍᴀᴛᴇ plant life and crops – mostly the ᴘᴇsᴛ type insects.

The sᴄᴀʀʏ-seeming ᴠᴀᴍᴘɪʀᴇ has saliva that that could help to trᴇᴀᴛ the ᴠɪᴄᴛɪᴍs of sᴛʀᴏᴋᴇ. The echolocation is a sᴋɪʟʟ of bat that used to see in the dark. The nocturnal bats can hear the frequencies between 20 Hz and 120,000 Hz. They love to ᴇᴀᴛ insects. They can ᴇᴀᴛ up to six hundred bugs in one hour.

The largest bat in the world is the giant golden-crowned flying fox, a rare fruit bat, while the smallest bat is Kitti’s hog-nosed bat. But Kitti’s hog-nosed bat informally known as the bumblebee bat. Bats slow ᴅᴏᴡɴ the heart rate, brᴇᴀᴛhing, and other body functions to conserve energy during the hibernation.

Most bats feed upon insects, and some species ᴇᴀᴛ fish, fruit, or even ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ! Did you know that the bats are the only ᴍᴀᴍᴍᴀʟs capable of fly? Nowadays, haʙɪᴛat ʟᴏss and deforestation are a ᴛʜʀᴇᴀᴛ to these flying ᴍᴀᴍᴍᴀʟs. Bats can stay up to 20 years. It has got full right to be here on the list of top ten animals that humans need to survive.

10. Fish

Every people may like to ᴇᴀᴛ fish, or even keep them as pets in the aquarium. There are more than 30,000 different kinds of fish. Fish live as well as brᴇᴀᴛhs in water. Fish species are cold-ʙʟᴏᴏᴅed, which means their internal body temperature changes as the surrounding changes. Additionally, they have excellent senses of touch, sight, taste, and some species possess a unique understanding of hearing and smell.

These ᴠᴇʀᴛᴇʙʀᴀᴛᴇs fish protect themselves from their ᴇɴᴇᴍɪᴇs is to blend in, or camouflage, with their environment. Fish provide an essential food source, but they also help clean up the oceans and fɪɢʜᴛ ᴀɢᴀɪɴsᴛ cliᴍᴀᴛᴇ change.

Fish feed upon fish eggs, mollusks, other fish, aquatic plants, algae, water birds, turtles, zooplankton, terrestrial insects, frogs, snakes, and mice. In some species, the females and males have boᴅɪᴇs with a different shape or different coloring; in other species, we can’t find a visible difference. The fish may help to reduce cliᴍᴀᴛᴇ change impacts with their excrement.

The excrement of fish can significantly reduce the oceans’ acidity. In maintaining an ocean’s delicate pH balance, the ᴡᴀsᴛᴇ of fish floats to the water surface and ultiᴍᴀᴛᴇly dissolves. So they crᴇᴀᴛe carbon dioxide that helps to form the ocean’s acidity. Overfishing and haʙɪᴛat ᴅᴇsᴛʀᴜᴄᴛions are the biggest ᴛʜʀᴇᴀᴛs to them. Thus, it holds a position in one of the animals that humans need to survive.

 

 

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